What is Atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis is a chronic condition characterized by the buildup of plaque—composed of cholesterol, fatty substances, calcium, and other elements—in the walls of the arteries. This can lead to narrowed or blocked arteries, restricting blood flow and increasing the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other cardiovascular events.

Symptoms of Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis often has no symptoms until an artery is severely narrowed or blocked. Symptoms may vary based on the affected artery but can include:

  • Angina or chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness or numbness on one side of the body
  • Sudden leg pain or poor wound healing

Treatment Options

Treatment for atherosclerosis aims to reduce plaque buildup and restore healthy blood flow, which may involve:

  • Medications to lower cholesterol and blood pressure
  • Antiplatelet agents to prevent blood clots
  • Angioplasty and stent placement to open blocked arteries
  • Surgical procedures like bypass grafting for severe blockages
  • Lifestyle changes including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and smoking cessation

If you are concerned about atherosclerosis and its complications, early intervention is key. Schedule your appointment with our cardiovascular specialists today for a comprehensive evaluation and a tailored treatment plan.

Disclaimer: The information provided here is intended for educational purposes only and should not be considered a substitute for professional medical advice. If you are experiencing symptoms of a heart attack or acute cardiovascular event, dial 911 immediately for emergency assistance.